Individuals who discover they require root canal treatment during an appointment with a dental professional often experience the same fear of what is notoriously regarded as a daunting and painful procedure.
This process is carried out when the inner pulp of a pearly white needs to be removed through the root canal. In most cases, this takes place when a tooth has become infected to prevent the ailment spreading to other areas of the mouth and face, while ultimately leading to a growth of a painful abscess.
Found in the centre of the tooth, this substance is the cluster of nerve endings and blood vessels that provide the necessary nutrients to keep the pearly white healthy. For this reason, placing this area in harm’s way constitutes a serious threat to the overall wellbeing of the area.
In order for the pulp to become infected, severe tooth decay has to work its way through the two protective layers of enamel and dentin. During this process, the ailment forms due to plaque that has been able to build up on teeth over a long period of time.
A tooth can be placed in significant danger straight from the onset of an infection. If the case is monitored and isolated early enough, it can be removed without damaging the pulp and requiring root canal treatment. Following this, a specialist will fill the cavity and the pearly white is once again free from issues.
In cases where the pulp is badly infected, the substance may need to be removed. This is carried out to protect the tooth from further infection.
Individuals who are suffering from this ailment tend to feel a deep pain that refuses to go away. Additionally, increased sensitivity to hot and cold substances is also a telltale sign.
This type of toothache tends to increase in intensity when it is left untreated due to the added pressure placed on the nerve endings within the pearly white causing a throbbing sensation.
Infections that are left to develop within the pulp often progress into an abscess, which can lead to the discomfort becoming worse over time, while further exerting more force into the tooth.
During this procedure, a dental professional will remove the pulp while still preserving the structure of the pearly white.
Usually performed under local anaesthetic, root canal treatment often requires a number of visits to the dentist’s office. The length of this course of action is thought to be among the reasons patients dread the thought of it.
When this is carried out, a dentist will drill into the tooth so the infection is revealed. Following this, the pulp and ailment are scraped away together through the root canal using a special device.
The only real alternative to undergoing root canal treatment is to have the infected tooth extracted. This is due to the fact the ailment has reached an advanced stage that closes off a number of options that may have been available in less severe cases.
The majority of dentists will in fact advise against a tooth extraction as an alternative to root canal treatment to ensure the natural bite is preserved for as long as possible. Keeping this stability in place can prevent further complications in the long-term, so most specialists will recommend as few removals as possible.
Although it is rare for this course of action to be ineffective, it is a possibility. The complex nature of the tooth’s root system can mean some of the decay is not cleared out. Alternatively, the restoration – in most cases this includes a crown – proves to be inadequate or unsuccessfully kept in place, so bacteria is able to work its way back into the area. In such situations, redoing root canal treatment is a treatment option as opposed to removing the tooth.
While first-time root canal treatment has a success rate of around 70 to 90 per cent – depending on its complexity, the severity of infection and experience of the dentist – second time procedures are around ten per cent less effective. However redoing root canal treatment is still very successful when carried out by experienced hands.
Patients can improve their chances of the redoing root canal treatment being successful by visiting a root canal Specialist known as a Specialist Endodontist, who use the most innovative techniques and materials and uses a dental microscope.