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Dental Cysts

Emergency Dentistry

Dental Cysts


A dental cyst is a common problem resulting in patients needing to see an Oral Surgeon urgently. Infected cysts have the potential to cause sudden and unexpected pain. Also, jaw cysts can silently and painlessly grow to a very a large size. They can destroy a lot of jaw bone which increases the risk of fracture.

What is a dental cyst?

A cyst is a closed sac which can contain air, fluids, or semi-solid material. Once formed, a cyst will have to be removed through a surgical procedure called cyst enucleation which can be carried out under local anaesthesia.


A Dental Cyst could do the following:

  1. The dental cyst will occupy a space in the jaw and may displace or replace normal tissues.
  2. Dental cysts may resorb (eat into) adjacent teeth or push the teeth out of their normal alignment.
  3. Cysts may cause expansion of the jaw bone, usually painlessly.
  4. Cysts may compress nerves and cause facial numbness.


What are the causes of dental cysts?

Dental cysts can be caused by an infected tooth, dental injury or trauma.

dental cyst

What course of action should I take?

The type of treatment patients will receive usually depends on the type of cyst they have. Usually, a dental surgeon removes an infected cyst. The area will also be cleaned. If an infection has penetrated the inner parts of a tooth then a root canal treatment or tooth extraction will be needed.


Can a dental cyst return?

Yes, a dental cyst can return. If the infection does return, a number of complications can arise that affect the teeth and gums. The jawbone can also be affected by infection. This can lead to the development of osteomyelitis. The condition is a debilitating illness that can cause severe pain – with urgent hospital treatment often required.

call Pearl Dental Clinicbook dental appointment

Pearl Dental Clinic is open 7 days a week from 9am to 10pm so that you can have your dental treatment without having to take time off work. You can book an emergency dental appointment by calling us on 0208 547 9997 or by emailing us or book an appointment online (available 24 hours/day)


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