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A Guide to Fluorosis

Children who ingest excessive quantities of fluoride during the initial stages of tooth development can develop fluorosis, which usually affects those who are between the ages of one and four years old.

The condition becomes increasingly common at this stage because it is the time when permanent teeth begin to form underneath the gum tissue and therefore leaves those over eight years old at a reduced risk.

Teeth with Fluorosis

What Are The Telltale Signs of Fluorosis?

Youngsters who develop fluorosis usually do so due to high quantities of the substance in their diet, with the main characteristic coming in the form of stains that form on the tooth’s protective layer of enamel in yellow and brown spots.

The shade of these changes can range from slight tinges to extensive coverage on the surface of the teeth and they can appear as streaks, as well as discoloured spots, in more severe cases of the condition.

One thing parents may like to hear is that fluorosis no longer poses a risk to their child after their teeth have fully developed, which means they do not need to worry about this issue arising after their little one is over eight years old.

While the problem is not considered a disease, it can be a very noticeable cosmetic condition but individuals are warned that these marks can darken over time.


How is The Issue Diagnosed?

Most dentists will be able to spot the early signs of fluorosis development during a regular check-up, which is an ideal opportunity for parents to ask about their child’s diet and habits. Here, the professional could ask guardians whether they utilise a fluoride toothpaste or drink an excess amount of fluoridated water.

In many cases, it is common to be queried about previous medical conditions that may have a similar effect to ensure they can be ruled out before a possible course of treatment is determined.

During this visit, the patient will receive a thorough oral examination and some X-ray photographs will be taken to check for any other issues with the teeth and gums.

fluorosis treatment

How is This Issue Treated?

Usually, the development of fluorosis on the teeth is so minor that no treatment is required, with many instances occurring on the back teeth – meaning the spots can not been seen by individuals in everyday instances.

However, patients with more severe cases may need to be treated with tooth whitening or ICON dental treatment that will restore their smile to its original shade in a minimally invasive manner.

How Can Fluorosis be Prevented?

Parents with children under the age of six should try to ensure they are using only a pea-sized amount of toothpaste, while also teaching them to spit after brushing rather than swallowing the toothpaste.

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Pearl Dental Clinic is open 7 days a week from 9am to 10pm. You can book a consultation appointment by calling us on 0208 547 9997 or by emailing us or by booking an appointment online (24 hours).


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