Toothache is one of the most common reason why people see an emergency dentist. Toothache can present as a constant or intermittent sharp, stabbing, dull or throbbing pain.
Tooth decay happens when bacteria in the mouth use dietary sugars to produce acids that break down tooth tissue and form cavities.
If cavities are further neglected, the cavity will progress further and allow bacteria to infect the pulp of the tooth. As a result very severe toothache could arise and the patient will urgently need to see an emergency dentist. In such situations root canal treatment or tooth extraction maybe necessary.
This arises when the gum recedes exposing the dentine. Gum recession can be due to ageing, damaging tooth brushing techniques, or gum disease.
The symptoms of dentine sensitivity can vary from mild and occasional sensitivity to cold to a severe and constant pain. Treatment will depend on the severity of the symptoms and is usually determined by the dentist during a checkup visit.
This is when bacteria infect the gum cause gum inflammation and bone loss. Gum disease is preventable and even reversible in its early stages (gingivitis). If left unchecked and untreated, it will progress into the irreversible and destructive (periodontitis), which causes pain, bone loss, tooth mobility and even eventual tooth loss. Reversible gum disease (gingivitis) is treated by seeing a hygienist. Irreversible gum disease (Periodontitis) usually requires treatment with a gum specialist (Periodontist).
Injury or stress to the joint that connects the lower jaw to the skull can cause severe pain, toothache, and headaches. Often this is caused by stress or bruxism (teeth grinding). Simple over the counter painkillers and anti-inflammatory can sometimes help.
Those who suffer more frequently may need to wear a removable appliance (mouth guard) at night to allow the jaw and its surrounding muscles to relax and recover, and to protect the teeth from excessive tooth wear.