A dental cyst is one of the most common problems resulting in patients seeing an emergency dentist urgently, as it has the potential to cause sudden and unexpected pain in the affected area and can also spread to the jaw, gums and face.
A cyst can form in any part of the jaw and it can quickly expand, damaging a lot of jaw bone in the process. A cyst is a closed sac and it may contain air, fluids, or semi-solid material. A collection of pus is called an abscess. Once formed, a cyst may have to be removed through surgery.
A Dental Cyst could do the following:
There are many different types of dental cysts but the five most common types of dental cysts are:
Dental cysts can often be caused by dental injury or trauma but the most common cause is dental decay that leads to the formation of a cavity, which is usually the starting point of an infection.
A build-up of plaque in the mouth – caused by a lack of cleaning and an unhealthy diet – bacteria usually use sugars found in particular foods to form acid that can gradually erode through the protective layer of enamel and dentin found on the surface of teeth, until the inner pulp is exposed.
Patients can prevent the development of dental decay by maintaining an effective daily hygiene routine, which consists of brushing and flossing, while improving their nutrition with more fruit and vegetables – something that could help their overall wellbeing.
Plaque and bacteria usually build up on the teeth every day and are particularly hard to reach on the molars at the back of the mouth.
Cavities in the teeth often go unnoticed by patients and, while this should encourage many to attend dental appointments more frequently, patients may not actually experience any discomfort until the cavity reaches the inner pulp of the tooth – an area consisting of a collection of blood cells and nerve endings that keep the tooth alive.
Patients are also unlikely to feel anything when the cavity spreads through both protective layers of dentin and enamel that surround the vital substances within the mouth.
The pain caused by the infection of a cyst usually arrives suddenly, with one of the most common descriptions given regarding the feeling is that it is not localised. Discomfort often spreads across the cheeks, jaw and face – while the surrounding gums may become sore and swollen.
As a result, many patients could be unaware of the exact tooth that is causing the issue, but this can be determined by biting down on the affected area. Similarly, extensive decay can lead to the infected tooth becoming loose at an early stage.
The type of treatment patients will receive usually depends on the type of cyst they have. Usually, an emergency dentist drains the pus from an infected cyst to relieve pain and pressure for those patients with an abscess.
An emergency dentist will clean the space where the abscess was previously located to remove any remnants of infection or other debris.
The treatment for a periapical abscess – which is formed due to an infection inside the pulp of the tooth – is even more complex than the other forms, with an initial X-ray required to identify its exact location. A root canal procedure will then be carried out after the cyst is identified.
Root canal treatment summary: During root canal treatment, the outer shell of the tooth is preserved following an infection so it does not need to be completely extracted. A hole is drilled inside the tooth to clean away any infected substances that are inside the pulp, which will be scraped out through the root.
Although the area is effectively “dead” – due to the removal of its blood supply and nerves – many patients select this option because it means they are able to continue to smile confidently, without the fear of any gaps.
Patients who visit their dentist regularly will find they are able to monitor their oral health more effectively and receive the appropriate treatment should any issues arise.
If the infection does return, a number of complications can arise that affect the teeth and gums. While the affected teeth may need to be removed, the infection can spread from the tooth to the skin and cause discolouration, swelling and soreness around the face.
The jawbone can also be affected by infection in teeth, which can lead to the development of osteomyelitis that can result in very serious issues within the bone. The condition is a debilitating illness that can cause severe pain – with urgent treatment often required.
The practice is open Seven days a week from 8am to 11pm for routine dentistry and we offer a 24 hour emergency dental walk-in service 365 days a year. You can book a consultation at any time by calling our reception team 24 hours a day on 02085479997 or contact us during our working hours by email.