New studies show stem cell research could benefit dental implant procedures. The research looked at the benefits of using stem cells that derive from periodontal ligament. These ligaments are connective tissues in the gum. Their function is to connect the tooth to the bone. They help to ensure the teeth remain in place firmly and safely.
During the research, the periodontal ligaments were used to create a cell sheet that was then attached to a titanium dental implant screw. The then implanted screw, combined with the cells, showed a promotion of the growth of the surrounding tissues. Therefore, the feasibility and success of the implant could be improved. This may also work to complement bone grafting procedures in the future. Better still it could, potentially, eradicate the need for the process altogether.
Professor John Fisher (Ph.D.) of the University of Maryland expressed his excitement at the research findings. “This truly innovative work combines traditional dental implants with stem cell sheet technology, thus creating a particularly relevant solution to a widespread problem in dental health care.”