A fractured tooth can take many forms, for example, a crack, split, fractured cusp, or a vertical root fracture. These can be caused by a trauma to the mouth, exposing teeth to extreme temperatures, aging, biting, chewing, clenching, or grinding. Whatever the cause of the fracture, you must seek dental advice immediately. Teeth are not able to heal themselves or grow back like bones do. Furthermore, decay can start to develop causing further complications.
A diagnosis of a cracked tooth means a crack has started to form at the chewing surface and extends in a vertical motion. At this point, the tooth is still in one piece and has not been separated. For this kind of crack, a root canal treatment may be needed. If the crack is above the gumline then there is a good chance it can be saved. If the crack has extended below the gumline then, unfortunately, it will need to be extracted.
A chipped tooth is one of the most common dental injuries and is most often repairable. To restore the tooth a dentist may re-attach the chipped piece, attach a crown to shield and protect the tooth, or use composite bonding to fill the chip.
A split tooth often occurs from a previous crack that has extended and become worse. It is unlikely that the whole tooth will be saved, however, depending on the extent of the split, part of the tooth may still be saved.
A vertical root fracture is a different type of crack. This crack starts at the root instead of the biting surface. This kind of fracture can go undetected for a long time before it is identified. In many cases, the surrounding area has to become infected before it is noticeable. It may be treatable through endodontic surgery or it may need extracting.
If you are suffering from a fractured tooth or any other dental emergency then please call us on 0208 547 9997. Our emergency dental service is fast and reliable. Alternatively, you may want to access our general dentistry treatments. The clinic also offers an array of cosmetic dentistry options to rejuvenate your look.